Physiotherapy is a medical modality where the therapist uses various technological techniques and exercises to cure the patient. It is ideal for neurological, cardiovascular, respiratory, nervous and sports-related injuries. Physiotherapy restores the mobility, position and strength of the affected joints and muscles. Below are the different methods and techniques that physiotherapists use.
The Use of Manual Therapy
This technique is ideal for injuries affecting the joints. It mainly involves hand techniques that focus on improving joint complex movements and tissue stretch-ability. It deals with the joints and tissue to help the patient relax. Additionally, manual therapy enhances movement in patients with inflammation or soft tissue swelling.
As you undergo manual therapy, the physiotherapist will try to move your joints in various directions and at varying speeds to restore them to their previous state. The therapist might also involve some joint manipulation by applying some indirect, high rate and low amplitude pressure to minimise pain. Chiropractors and osteopaths use this technique quite often since it is more practical and does not involve machines.
A Lot of Workout and Movements
In some conditions, the patient needs to move and exercises a lot. After the physiotherapist assesses your situation, they will recommend specific exercises that you can do from home to boost recovery while preventing further injuries. These exercises are also essential in managing severe diseases.
The Use of Hydrotherapy
As the name suggests, hydrotherapy involves using water to treat orthopedic, rheumatological and neurological conditions. The patient does some exercises in water with temperatures ranging from 33 – 36 degrees.
Warm water relaxes the muscles, making it easier to move the joints. Also, standing in water helps support some of your weight, which reduces the pain. And as you work out in the water, the resistance strengthens your muscles. It is ideal for patients with severe muscle issues like arthritis who cannot do some exercises out of water.
Dry Needling Muscle Therapy
The other word for dry needling is called acupuncture. This physiotherapy technique involves inserting tiny needles into the skin and muscles. The needles are inserted either shallowly or deep in the muscular trigger points to reduce pain and reactivate the muscles. Patients suffering from stroke or back pains can benefit from it. The technique is not ideal for people on certain medications, people with diabetes and pregnant women.
The Use of Ultrasounds
Physiotherapists use ultrasound to heat deeper tissues and improve blood circulation. The technique helps minimise pain and enhance healing. The ultrasounds can either be thermal or non-thermal.
The above physiotherapy techniques have proven helpful for patients with certain conditions. So, find a physiotherapy clinic to begin your sessions.